the written copies of the United States Constitution were sent to the 13
Colonies for ratification, it became quite clear the colonists
would not ratify the Constitution unless the Bill of Rights were added to
the Constitution. Many questions were asked by the colonists about the different
Articles of the Constitution. A commission was set up by the framers of the
Constitution to answer the questions put forth by the Colonies' representatives
of their government. This commission cosisted of James Madison, John Jay & Alexander
Hamilton. Their writings became known as the Federalist Papers which consisted
of 85 essays, numbered 1 through 85, and were printed in several New York
newspapers between the years 1787 thru 1788. The Federalist Papers stand
as the authoritative interpretation of the U.S. Constitution. Thomas Jefferson
called the Federalist Papers the best commentary ever written on the principles
Whereas: The subject arose regarding new States being formed out of the
territories and property belonging to the United States. Article 4, Sections
3-1, 2 and Section 4 tell how this would be done, and each new state would
be a Republican form of government.
original thirteen colonies which became thirteen states made it clear to
the Federal Government that they owned all the land and natural
resources in their states, and that they belonged to the people of said states.
They also made it clear that new states coming into the Union would receive
these same rights, per the Continental Congress Article of Confederation
(our first Constitution) which paseed a resolution in the year of 1780 that
stated, "The Federal Trust obligating the United States to extinguish
their governmental jurisdiction and the title to land that achieved statehood".
This resolution was ratified by the thirteen states in the year of 1781.
Whereas: As the mid-west and eastern states came into the Union, they were
given all public (Federal) lands and received the same rights as the original
the thirteen western states came into the union, they were denied all public
lands. These states are: Hawaii, Alaska, Washington, Oregon,
California, Arizona, New Mexico, Nevada, Utah, Idaho, Montana, Colorado,
and Wyoming. We know that the U.S. Congress violated Article 1, Section 8,
Paragraph 17, which states, "To exercise exclusive Legislation in all
Cases whatsoever, over such district (not exceeding ten miles square) as
may, by Cession of particular States, and the acceptance of Congress, become
the seat of the Government of the United States, and to excercise like authority
over all places purchased by the consent of the legislature of the State
in which the same shall be, for the erection of forts, magazines, arsenals,
dock yards, and other needful buildings."
Whereas: Article 1, Section 8, Paragraph 17, shows that no federal lands
or forest lands are to be owned by the federal government. These lands belong
to the States, and if the Federal Government wants any of thsese lands for
the above-mentioned purposes, they must be purchased States through the state
Whereas: The only land the federal government may own is per Article 4,
Section 3, Paragraph 2, pertaining to territories. Anything beyond this would
require a Constitutional amendment.
Whereas: These lands are needed to support State revenues that are gained
from the sales of natural resources found on these lands that will support
our State Government, thereby reducing the taxes the people have to pay to
Therefore be it resolved: That the Oregon State Grange support the return
of ownership of Federal lands, with the exception or Military and National
Park property, to each of the 13 western States, and be it further resolved:
That the Oregon State Grange request that the Oregon Legislature pass a joint
resolution in support of the Utah and Idaho lawsuits seeking to use eminent
domain against the Federal Government, and be it further resolved: The the
Oregon State Grange advocate that the State of Oregon seek the return of
Federal lands to ownership of the state of Oregon.
This resolution was adopted by the Deer Creek Grange #371 at its regular
meeting held on April 9, 2012.